Mud huts anyone?
This style of architecture is popular with the Mousgoum tribes and has been practiced for over 4,000 years!
These domestic traditional structures are built with mud in a variety of shapes. Some huts are designed as reversed 'V' shapes or beehive and shell like with geometric designs. All that is needed for this architectural style is sun dried mud, thatch, water and a few tools. Oh plus a whole lot of genius!
This building style has gone on to become one of the most important architectural styles of Cameroon and Chad, although it is no longer as popular today due to modernization. Only a few of these huts are built by mousgoums at present.
The builders were way ahead of their time, even though it was as a result of minimal resources so creativity was inevitable. Each house or hut goes up to 9 feet tall and are of very solid construction with thick walls at the base which get thinner as it goes up. The thick walls make the surfaces less receptive to heat, which is good for the hot summer days and releases less carbon emissions unlike cement. The height of the huts keep the interiors cool. They also have small openings at the top for air circulation and also serve as exits in the event of flooding. Only the builders of these huts know the precise consistencies of water and soil used. Similar mud houses or huts can be found in Nigeria, North-West India and Ghana.
Traditionally, the design layout of the huts are made in a way that the husbands' hut is situated in the middle, with the wives' huts arenbuilt around it. Up to 15 huts are built in a circle. Some of these huts are covered with branch walls. This indicates that they all belong to one family. They have foot holes on the surfaces which are used in maintenance and are usually covered in unique designs with elaborate entrances and doors.